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L3 fabric DC -The underlay Network (BGP) -part2

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In the previous post, we laid the foundation of L3 fabric DC In this post we will discuss the underlay network which mainly provide IP reachability plus ECMP capability, here BGP would play a role in your DC next to the 3 other that we discussed one of the previous posts. For the sake of simplicity think of this L3 fabric like group of routers connected physically in spine and leaf topology (3 stages CLOS leaf-spine-leaf), our target is to provide IP connectivity. How many Leaf/TOR you would have? This might vary based on the size of your DCs some would …

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L3 fabric DC -The underlay Network -Part1

In the previous posts we have discussed the classic DC designs and the M-LAG solution. In this post we will cover the basic L3 fabric DC, you might never heard of it or you think that’s a solution for massive scale DC, yes the massive DC in the world would be running L3 fabric but nowadays more and more customers are moving to it. What about the Vendor specific solutions Cisco fabric-path, Cisco FEX, Juniper Q-fabric, Juniper VCF. All are decent solution but the problem with all of is they are tagged as “closed Ethernet fabric” or “turn-key Ethernet fabric”. That means they are closed so once …

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Classic DC and M-LAG

In the pervious post we talked  about BGP in Data Center and how it is a topic of discussion in between the DC and the SP arenas. In this post I will start explaining some classic DC design and laying its shortage which will engage the SP gurus with us, as well it will make sure that we all on the same page for the DC gurus. So let’s start to engage the SP gurus with basic enterprise and DC concepts. Basic Ethernet world in LAN would go like this switches forward frames based on detestation MAC address, the MAC address learning …

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BGP in the Data Center

If you think that BGP is a Server Provider (SP) only protocol and is not your business in the data center, then better think again because BGP is coming to your territory. Traditionally for Enterprises and DCs; BGP commonly took part at the Internet edge in multi-homing scenarios (the internet from multiple ISPs) where BGP provided such networks with better control of upstream and downstream internet traffic as well as some other extra redundancy features as compared to basic default/static routing. With the current Cloud evolution and demands, BGP can generally be used in many different solutions in the DC domain. …

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What is 6PE?


6PE is one of the efficient solutions for interconnecting IPv6 islands over an IPv4-only MPLS cloud without needing to drastically change the core network design by having all your Core routers dual-stacked 6PE does not use manual standard tunnels, it provides an alternative where all tunnels are established dynamically eliminating the need to configure and maintain tunnels. The approach requires that the edge routers connected to IPv6 islands be Dual Stack Multiprotocol-BGP-speaking routers. while the core routers can only run IPv4 MPLS Configuring 6PE is has a lot of similarities with configuring  IPv4 VPNs as both use MP-BGP to distribute non-IPv4 reachability …

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Making Sense of Broadband networks: PPPoE Explained

A bit of background First .. PPPoE stands for Point to Point over Ethernet and is the successor of PPPoA. PPPoE is simply a method of encapsulating PPP packets into Ethernet frames. The standard is defined in RFC2516 . IPoE is growing very quickly but as far as I can tell PPPoE is still very widely deployed model in broadband networks. PPP protocol is a very mature protocol that was originally implemented to create and maintain direct connections between two nodes. PPP is such a protocol that provides many features but the one that is most interesting to broadband providers is the ability …

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