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PPPoE MTU Explained

PPPoE MTU is a buzz word that many people ask about even if they don’t have anything to do with network engineering. Just being a broadband subscriber with a PPPoE circuit is enough to get introduced to the concept. In this post I will be explaining how PPPoE MTU is …

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Making sense of Broadband networks – Part 1

Broadband is a hot topic in the telecommunications industry nowadays; it is becoming the bread and butter for so many service providers and mobile carriers with the big growth and penetration rates in these technologies in the recent years.  ( Check this report about the EOCD countries). Although it is …

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Static routes and next hops

Today I have received a question by mail from one of our readers asking about the difference between pointing the static route to a next hop address or pointing it to the exit interface itself as shown in the example below: !-- Pointing to next hop address ip route …

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Frame-relay Discard Eligibility Bit (DE)

What is the DE bit ? The DE bit is used to indicate that the frame has a lower importance than other frames and should be dropped first if the network experienced congestion. How to set the DE bit? We can use a simple network to test our configuration. R1 …

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Frame-relay traffic shaping using MQC

To apply frame-relay traffic shaping using a normal map-class, the command frame-relay traffic-shaping must be applied to the main interface. This method has a pitfall; the problem is that when you apply the frame-relay traffic-shaping command to the main interface any DLCI that has no explicit map-class will be shaped …

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